|Title||Child and adolescent drowning in Portugal|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||Nascimento, S, Botte, H, GalvÃƒÂ£o, S, Menezes, H, Rocha, E|
|Conference Name||World Conference on Drowning Prevention|
|Publisher||International Life Saving Federation|
|Conference Location||Porto, Portugal|
Drowning is the second leading cause of death in children in all Members States of European Union (WHO, 1996-2000ECSA, European Child Safety Alliance (2004). Priorities for Child Safety in the European Union: Agenda for Action. Amsterdam: ECSA (page 9). ISBN 90-6788-277-1) and in all OECD countries (UNICEF, 2001UNICEF (2001). A League Table of Child Deaths by Injury in Rich Nations.Innocenti Report Card,Issue Nº 2. Florence: UNICEF (page 11)). In Portugal, every year at least 30 child and adolescent die in result of a drowning (INE, 2002INE, Instituto Nacional de Estatística ( 2002). Relatório Anual de Mortalidade. Lisboa: 2002). It’s not known the number and consequences of non-fatal injuries. The specific conditions where drowning occurred were not known as well.
Since 2003 that APSI, Portuguese Association for Child Safety Promotion, undertakes research studies on all the drowning issues in Portugal to better understand the magnitude of the problemAPSI, Associação para a Promoção da Segurança Infantil (2006). Afogamentos de Crianças – Relatório 2005-2006. Lisboa: APSI (page 1 to 6):
Analysis of data showed that:
Based on this facts and considering that drowning in children have many risk factors it’s needed and urgent to implement different strategies in a complementary way if we want to reduce the drowning in children: use of fences and protective covers that delay the children access to water (in pools, wells…); use of safety equipments (like personal floaters devices and life vests); supervision and vigilance; and generalized first aid training, and life support. It is also needed a local intervention adapted to each region and their characteristics in terms of aquatic environment and life styles of the local population.
APSI is trying next to the Portuguese government to promote a regulation on pool fencing and to review the Portuguese law for protection of wells that is insufficient. Since 2003 APSI took over the Campaign “The death by drowning is quickly and silent” to increase awareness and knowledge of the problem of children drowning and to promote the implementation of strategies to assist on their reduction. This campaign includes a TV and radio spot, the distribution of leaflets with information.
|Learning Outcomes|| |