The Drowning Process and Lifeguard Intervention

TitleThe Drowning Process and Lifeguard Intervention
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication1997
AuthorsModell, JH
Conference NameInternational Medical-Rescue Conference
Date Published09/1997
PublisherInternational Life Saving Federation
Conference LocationSan Diego, California, USA
Call Number22
Other Numbers167

For at least the past two centuries, various persons have speculated on and conducted research regarding the drowning process. One of the first descriptions of the procedures used in attempting to resuscitate the drowning victim was described in a monograph written by Herholdt & Rafh in 1796 (1). The contents of this monograph are fascinating since the very crude methods of pushing or blowing air into the victims lungs and pushing on their chest to remove the air are remarkably similar to the modem techniques of mouth-to-mouth ventilation and closed cardiac massage, which were described in detail in the late 1950's (2) and early 1960's (3).