Education Standards (Water Rescue Service of Czech Red Cross)

TitleEducation Standards (Water Rescue Service of Czech Red Cross)
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsNovotna, J, Miler, PDT
Conference NameWorld Conference on Drowning Prevention
Date Published09/2007
PublisherInternational Life Saving Federation
Conference LocationPorto, Portugal

1. Abstract

The educational programme of Czech Red Cross with current certification was commenced in the year 1990 and was revised in the year 1999. The aim of the research was to suggest an innovation of the existing educational programme in a way that it would correspond to contemporary worldwide trends in this specific area, i.e. to the ILS standards.

The selection of countries for the comparative analysis with the Czech educational system and the ILS Standards was based not only on material/data availability, but, above all on the long term experience in education in the particular country. Slovakia was included to provide a parallel comparison of the progress after the Water Rescue Service of Slovak Red Cross was separated from the Water Rescue Service of Czechoslovakian Red Cross. Also included were Ireland, Canada, UK and the USA.

The certificates of each educational programme were divided into the following four groups: Junior Certificates, Basic Certificates, Educational Certificates and Special/other Certificates. Partial criteria for comparison within the scope of each group were the age limits for entering a course, duration of the course and validation period of the certificate. Thanks to the detailed comparison, we succeeded in complementing the requisites of the final assessment criteria of our educational programme so that it corresponds to the outcomes and recommended ILS standards.

Full Text

2. Methods­

Qualitative research, Analysis, Comparison, Synthesis and Discussion.
Problems when processing: deficient accessible current literature; mostly Internet sources; slow communication with addressed subjects; translation â€" finding the right translating equivalent for the corresponding term in a foreign language.

The current educational programme of Water Rescue Service of Czech Red Cross (Picture 1)
The structure of the certificates is to be kept the same, only the certificates are to be modified.

Comparison â€" Junior Certification

Table 1
Comparison â€" Basic Certification

Table 2

Comparison â€" Educational Certification

Table 3
Comparison â€" Special Certification

Table 4

3. Results

The outcome - Junior Certification

Junior Lifeguard V.

  • Swimming in clothes, distance 15m including the removal of clothing (IWS â€" Challenge 1, 2)
  • Inner division into age groups (USLA - Junior Lifeguard):
    • C 6 â€" 9 years
    • B 10 â€" 12 years
    • A 13 â€" 15 years
  • Competition events for all age divisions include (USLA):

Distance swim Swim relay Run-Swim-Run
Distance run Rescue relay Beach Flags
Distance rowing

  • Final assessment (ILS Standards):
    • Swim 200m in maximum 10:00 minutes
    • Tread water for 1 minute with arms only
    • Tread water for 1 minute with legs only
    • Demonstrate 2 release and 2 towing techniques (on dry land)

The outcome â€" Junior Certification

Junior Lifeguard IV.

  • Swimming in clothes, distance 25m including the removal of clothing (IWS â€" Challenge 1, 2)
  • Content of the course enriched (IWS â€" Endurance/Survival):
    • Obstacle swim (pool/open water)
    • Distance swim (pool/open water)
    • Picking up objects (open water)
    • Surface dives (open water)
  • Competition events (USLA):

Distance swim Swim relay Master the rowboat
Distance run Rescue relay Master the canoe
Distance rowing Run-Swim-Run
Distance paddle Beach Flags

  • Final assessment (ILS Standards)
    • Swim 100m in less than 1:40 minutes using a stroke in the front
    • Swim 300m in less than 4:30 minutes using fins
    • Swim 300m in less than 9:00 minutes without fins
    • Combined rescue technique in less than 2:00 minutes

The outcome â€" Basic Certification

Lifeguard / Lifesaver III.

  • Final assessment (ILS Standards):
    • Swim 50m in less than 50 seconds with the head above the water
    • Swim 25m under water, retrieve 3 objects placed 5m apart in the deepest end of the pool
    • Combined rescue technique in less than 2:00 minutes
    • Theory

Lifesaver II.

  • Final assessment (ILS Standards):
    • Swim 50m in less than 50 seconds with the head above the water
    • Swim no less than 400m in less than 9:00 minutes using equipment
    • Run-Swim-Run (Run 200m, Swim 200m and Run 200m) within 8 minutes
    • Theory

The outcome â€" Educational Certification

Instructor / Lifesaver I

  • Final assessment (ILS Standards)
    • Fully corresponds with ILS Standards
  • Proposal / Recommendation
    • Duration of the course: 60 hrs (instead of 92 hrs)
    • Lower the age limit from 25 years to 23 years of age
    • Successfully complete the required practice teaching requirements
    • Revalidation in 2 years (instead of in 7 years)

The outcome â€" Special Certification

  • Save a Baby's Life (RLSS UK)
  • Community Lifesupport (RLSS UK)
  • AED course (IWS, American Red Cross)
  • Spinal board course (Czech Red Cross)

4. Conclusion

The education of water rescue staff in the Czech Republic is on a very good level. At some points it even surpasses the requisites assigned by ILS. Nevertheless, there is a ceaseless possibility of further progress in this field on grounds of international experience and cooperation.