Estimating the Burden - Nonfatal and Fatal Drowning in Recreational Water Sites - US 2001-2002

TitleEstimating the Burden - Nonfatal and Fatal Drowning in Recreational Water Sites - US 2001-2002
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsGilchrist, J, Thomas, K, Ryan, G, Branche, C
Conference NameWorld Conference on Drowning Prevention
Date Published09/2007
PublisherInternational Life Saving Federation
Conference LocationPorto, Portugal
Other Numbers00-05
Abstract

Context: In the U.S., drowning is the seventh leading cause of unintentional injury deaths for all ages and the second leading cause of all injury deaths in children aged 1--14 years. Many of these injuries occur in recreational water settings, including pools, spas/hot tubs, and natural water settings (e.g., lakes, rivers, or oceans).

Methods: To examine the incidence and characteristics of nonfatal and fatal unintentional drownings in recreational water settings, we analyzed 2001--2002 data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System All Injury Program and National Vital Statistics System death certificate data from 2001.

Results: During 2001--2002, an estimated 4,174 persons on average per year were treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments for nonfatal unintentional drowning injuries in recreational water settings. Approximately 53% of persons required hospitalization or transfer for more specialized care. During 2001, a total of 3,372 persons suffered fatal unintentional drownings in recreational settings. Nonfatal and fatal injury rates were highest for children aged <4 years and for males of all ages.

Discussion/Implications: Recommendations to reduce the number of drownings include increased use of environmental protections (e.g., isolation pool-fences and lifeguards) and training of all participants, caregivers, and supervisors in swimming/water-safety skills and cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

References
Gilchrist, J. Gotsch, K. Ryan, G. 2004: “Nonfatal and Fatal Drownings in Recreational Water Settings - United States, 2001—2002”. In: MMWR 53:447-452

Learning Outcomes
  1. Participants will have an understanding of the data collection methods for fatal and non-fatal drownings in the United States
  2. Participants will have an understanding of the prevalence of fatal and non-fatal drownings in recreational water settings in the U.S.
  3. Participants will have an understanding of the relative contribution to drowning of different recreational water settings in different age groups
Digital Media