Global heating and mortality by drowning

TitleGlobal heating and mortality by drowning
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsGuaiano, OP
Conference NameWorld Conference on Drowning Prevention
Date Published09/2007
PublisherInternational Life Saving Federation
Conference LocationPorto, Portugal
Other Numbers03-06
Abstract

­How can a project for children and adolescents, from basic to middle education, carried through in the city of Sorocaba, contribute to preserve the environment and prevent drowning?

The temperature regulates the hydrological cycle to the constant change of the state of the water in nature. Studies show that the global warming is generating serious consequences, such as the rise in the level of oceans and the magnifying of the intensity of the water cycle. If the forecasts about the global warming are accurate, and that it will lead to an increase of rains, so we should expect an aggravation of the problem of floods in tropical countries. Rain in excess, besides accounting for damages, has caused many floods, which could cause an increase of deaths caused by drowning.

With the increase of sea levels, where would the inhabitants of coastal cities live? Perhaps in the countryside? How can we deal with downpours in the cosmopolitan cities, or in the so-called impermeable cities? Is society prepared for them? How is the government managing this new situation? How can recycle help to prevent drowning? How do we prepare today’s children, citizens of tomorrow, to deal with this problem?

In Brazil, São Paulo is the state that has the biggest absolute number of deaths by drowning (Datasus - Ministry of Health). Studies indicate that 86% of mortality by this type of occurrence in São Paulo takes place mainly in the non-coastal cities of the state.

This project aims to extend the preservation of the environment and the prevention of drowning through the “Project Little Lifeguard”. Destined to the public and private institutions, the objective of this project is to guide children and youngsters from basic to middle schools in the city of Sorocaba, non-coastal region of the State of São Paulo.The project counts with the partnership of the Social Service of the Industry of Sorocaba. With an initial investment of US$ 15,41 per participant, the project takes place in a single period of an 8-hour lesson, with groups of 40 pupils. The enrolling fee includes the rent of SESI’s facilities, pupils’ transportation (school-SESI/SESI-school), lunch for the participants of the project (pupils, monitors and professors), individual certificates for the participants, and a personal compact disc with photos of the project, besides the fee for monitors and the staff responsible for the project.

The program includes morning gymnastics, educational videos, environmental conservation, urgent communication, chain of survival of drowning and cardiopulmonary resuscitation, besides multiple sporting and cultural recreational activities, not only in the classroom, but also in the swimming pool.

It is premature to assume that the “Project Little Lifeguard” could contribute to decrease the temperature of the planet and the mortality caused by drowning. However, the importance to divulge concepts of environment preservation and prevention of drowning among children and adolescents from basic to middle schools is unquestionable.

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