How to choose an automated external defibrillator (AED) for the aquatic environment - Review of selection considerations

TitleHow to choose an automated external defibrillator (AED) for the aquatic environment - Review of selection considerations
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsLøfgren, B
Conference NameWorld Conference on Drowning Prevention
Date Published09/2007
PublisherInternational Life Saving Federation
Conference LocationPorto, Portugal
Other Numbers03-18
Abstract

The use of an automated external defibrillator (AED) is safe and feasible and increase survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to malignant ventricular tachycardia. The use of AEDs by trained lay rescuers is recommended in public places where witnessed cardiac arrest is likely to occur.

The aquatic environment is a frequent venue for a large number of people. Lifesaving agencies and organizations all over the world are implementing AEDs as a supplement to basic water rescue equipment, oxygen equipment, CPR and first aid equipment.

AEDs are highly accurate, user-friendly computerized devices with voice and audio prompts that guide the user through the steps of operation. In case of cardiac arrest the rescuer activates the AED and connects it to the victim with adhesive electrodes. The AED analyze the victim's cardiac rhythm. If a shock is indicated, the AED prompts the rescuer to deliver a shock.

A vide variety of AEDs are available on the market complication the selection process; high or low ingress protection-value, pre-connected electrodes, fixed or escalating energy shock protocol, type of batteries etc. The purpose of this presentation is to discuss selection considerations when choosing an AED for the aquatic environment.

Learning Outcomes
  1. To understand the basic operation of an AED.
  2. To be familiar with the different components of an AED.
  3. To be able to critically select an AED for the aquatic environment.