Impact of 11 recommendations World Congress on Drowning 2002

TitleImpact of 11 recommendations World Congress on Drowning 2002
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2007
Authorsvan der Pols, H
Conference NameWorld Conference on Drowning Prevention
Date Published09/2007
PublisherInternational Life Saving Federation
Conference LocationPorto, Portugal
Other Numbers01-23

According to the Handbook on Drowning, implementation of each recommendation is expected to contribute to a reduction of drowning and to the improvement of treatment. All recommendations need full support from governments, organisations, institutions and individuals.

Our organisation contributes with ‘First Aid for water accidents’. With this study book, we hope to accomplish uniformity in training lifeguards. We mention several preventive strategies (for example scanning techniques, wearing life jackets, learning how to swim) because the majority of drownings can be prevented.

Our book includes the procedures for in water immobilization techniques e.g. vice grip, body hug, the extended arm grip, and backboarding. Also, we teach the standing backboard technique.

An other section is about diving accidents such as carbon monoxide poisoning, and omitted decompression. Also, we speak about marine life envenomation.

We promote optimal resuscitation techniques in the aquatic environment, such as immediate use of oxygen, and the Sellick manoeuvre in combination with rescue mask and jaw-thrust.

Victims in need of resuscitation and with severe hypothermia are referred to specialised hospitals.

We only promote passive rewarming.

The first reactions after release of the book in January this year were positive.

Learning Outcomes
  1. Because the incidence of spinal injury is relatively low and the effect of insufficient treatment severe, frequent training is required
  2. Governments should supply lifesaving organizations with oxygen (equipment). An immediate start with the oxygen treatment will improve survival
  3. Research is needed to determine whether survival improves when lifeguards use an airway device like the laryngeal tube or the combitube