The potential use of a reward scheme for drowning rescues to study prevention, rescue and resuscitation of drowning cases

TitleThe potential use of a reward scheme for drowning rescues to study prevention, rescue and resuscitation of drowning cases
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsVenema, AM, Groothoff, JW, Bierens, J
Conference NameWorld Conference on Drowning Prevention
Date Published09/2007
PublisherInternational Life Saving Federation
Conference LocationPorto, Portugal
Other Numbers01-08

Since 1767, the "Maatschappij tot Redding van Drenkelingen" rewards bystanders who save a person from drowning with a certificate or medal. The decision to award a bystander is based on data from different sources. This study investigates if the reward scheme can provide new information about accidental drownings.

Materials and Methods: 289 reports in the period 1999-2004 are studied. 133 relevant variables are used. Variables are only included in the analysis if data is available in at least 60% of the reports. This set of data was compared with the recommended Utstein criteria for drowning registration.

Results: 26 (20%) of 133 variables are available in ≥60%. The data are largely consistent with existing (inter)national data. Of the 26 variables 12 are included in the Utstein registration. Novel data, not available in other sources, are ascertained as well.

Discussion: The data in this study correspond well with previous reports. This suggests that the database on rewarding rescues is robust and potential suitable for analysis. If the quality of the information in the data sources is improved, unique information about drownings can be collected and analysed.

Conclusions: Only little is known about the epidemiology of drownings. For a better understanding of accidental drownings, a more structured and goal oriented registration in addition to the Utstein template is required.

Learning Outcomes
  1. The role of bystanders in the rescue and resuscitation of drowning victims can be studied by the reward scheme of the ‘Maatschappij tot Redding van Drenkelingen’.
  2. Not all Utstein criteria for drowning are available for analysis.
  3. Research on the role of bystanders in rescue and resuscitation of drowning victims provides relevant information for the prevention of drowning, as well as the rescue and treatment of drowning victims.
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