Predicting lifeguard's ability to succeed in real lifesaving situations

TitlePredicting lifeguard's ability to succeed in real lifesaving situations
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsIwersen, M
Conference NameWorld Conference on Drowning Prevention
Date Published09/2007
PublisherInternational Life Saving Federation
Conference LocationPorto, Portugal
Other NumbersPO-24
Abstract

Very few beachlifeguards (BLGs) working in Surflifesaving Denmark (SLSD) have experienced lifesaving situations that require CPR. There is therefore a desire in SLSD to gain knowledge regarding the BLGs ability to succeed and perform the required actions in such situations. Theoretically the situation requires that the BLGs hold the knowledge and skills required to help the casualty and has an ability to bring these into action. In the situation it is expectable that the BLGs involved will experience a high level of physiological arousal and cognitive anxiety. This can lead to a blockade in which the BLG is unable to actHardy. L. 1996. Testing the predictions of the CUSP Catastrophe Model of Anxiety and performance. In The sport Psychologist. 10. 140-156..

Studies have shown that individuals can handle a higher level of physiological arousal and cognitive anxiety in situations where they have a high level of self-confidence regarding the specific situation compared to individuals with a low self-confidence regarding the specific situation Hardy. L. 2004. Is self-confidence a Bias factor in higher- order catastrophe models? An Exploratory Analysis. In Journal of sport & exercise psychology. 26. 359-368 . It has also been shown that self-confidence helps bring into action what has been learned on a course De Vries. Wiebe. 2005. Trained first-responders with an automated external defibrillator: how do they perform in real resuscitation attempts? Resuscitation. 64, 157-161.

It is therefore relevant to investigate and test BLGs self-confidence regarding real lifesaving situations. During the Danish lifeguard season (June – August) a research design will be tested in order to develop a test that can clarify Danish BLGs self-confidence. The research will be conducted during the BLGs working hours and be in their usual working environment. The results will be presented at the WWS 2007.

Learning Outcomes
  1. A high self-confidence can help a lifeguard handle a lifesaving situation requiring CPR.
  2. Knowledge regarding lifeguards self-confidence can help predicts lifeguards ability to succeed in real lifesaving situation.
  3. It is relevant to investigate and test lifeguards self-confidence.