A proposed framework for developing a plan for research in life saving and water safety

TitleA proposed framework for developing a plan for research in life saving and water safety
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsStallman, RKeig, PK, K
Conference NameWorld Conference on Drowning Prevention
Date Published09/2007
PublisherInternational Life Saving Federation
Conference LocationPorto, Portugal
Other NumbersPO-21

­Life saving has come a long way in the past 100 years. Yet little evidence based knowledge has accumulated. Practices vary dramatically and seem to be dependent on tradition. The purposes of this paper are to; a) propose a framework for a research plan and b) propose specific areas where systematic research is needed.

Routine research planning methods are used. Literature review identified specific areas requiring attention.

A proposed framework is presented with the following main points:

  1. Establish an ILS Fund to stimulate and support life saving research, in cooperation with international donors.
  2. Establish a web-based international register of organizations, institutions and individuals involved in life saving and life saving research.
  3. Establish a web-based annual publication, “A Bibliography of Life Saving Research”.
  4. Systematic research is needed in the following areas:
    1. Physiological and biomechanical comparative analysis of various techniques, e.g. towing.
    2. Comparative analysis of various pedagogical procedures in life saving education.
    3. Survey of practices in the various life saving agencies.
    4. Analysis of sociological, psychological and philosophical aspects of life saving.
    5. Analysis of the potential economic impact lifesaving may have in society

Systematic communication channels are required to share research results and to promote cooperative research over national boundaries. A balanced effort will enhance spill over from one area to another, e.g. practices can be adjusted as evidence shows some techniques superior to others.

Learning Outcomes
  1. Introduce a broad spectrum of potentially fruitful and needed areas of research.
  2. Recommend ways to systematise and to communicate research findings.
  3. Awareness of the diversity of practices that exist and need to consolidate.

Bierens, JJLM. Edit. (2006) “Handbook on Drowning” Amsterdam, Drowning 2002, Springer Publishers, Berlin