|Title||Recognition and observation of potential rescue victims in an open water environment|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||1997|
|Conference Name||International Medical-Rescue Conference|
|Publisher||International Life Saving Federation|
|Conference Location||San Diego, California, USA|
The following presentation will focus on the first of five basic premises related to one of the primary lifeguard responsibilities, that of rescue response.
The five premises of rescue response are:
While rescue is one of the primary responsibilities of lifeguards, the most important responsibility must be prevention. Because time is the most critical of all factors, the recognition of potential victims is key to the preventative lifesaving model. Lifeguards must be well trained in the observation of swimmers for signs of distress certainly, but they must also be trained to observe beach clientele for indications of their swimming ability and rescue potential even before they enter the water.
In order to provide the essential elements of preventative lifeguarding this report considers all factors including the environment, beach topography, dry land observations and specific observations relative to individuals presentations in the water as a vital part of scanning the surf for potential rescues.
The information presented here comes from the United States Lifesaving Association Manual of Open Water Lifesaving, with some elements extracted from the first USLA training manual, Lifesaving and Marine Safety