|Title||Reflections On Element #1 of Effective Surveillance: Water Crisis Recognition Training|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||1997|
|Conference Name||International Medical-Rescue Conference|
|Publisher||International Life Saving Federation|
|Conference Location||San Diego, California, USA|
While it is clear the best way to prevent drownings is through the combined application of the four elements of effective surveillance: 1) water crisis recognition training, 2) scanning, 3) proper placement of lifeguards, and 4) properly designed areas of responsibility, the focus of this article will be on the first element of surveillance, water crisis recognition training for lifeguards.This information will set the foundation for the presentation A Psychophysiological Analysis of Lifeguard Scanning Strategies . The major points that will be covered in this paper will be the research that led to the formulation of the distress vs drowning categorization, the formulation of the Instinctive Drowning Response, and the difference between behavior centered and trait centered surveillance.