|Title||Treatment of Hypothermia - Medical care by the Rescuer, Transport Personnel and Hospital|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||1997|
|Conference Name||International Medical-Rescue Conference|
|Publisher||International Life Saving Federation|
|Conference Location||San Diego, California, USA|
Heat loss in water is increased 25-fold. Water below the temperature of 28° C (82° F) can be considered as cold. The degree of hypothermia depends on exposure time, water temperature, insulation and more.
Hypothermia is a condition in which the core body temperature falls below 35° C (95° F). The symptoms prevailing in mild hypothermia (35° - 33° C) are confusion and shivering In moderate hypothermia (33° - 30° C) shivering is replaced by muscle stiffness, the level of consciousness falls rapidly, blood pressure drops and pulse rate falls.
In severe hypothermia (<30° C) the main findings are coma, absence of reflexes, and progressive depression of heart rate and respiration with deepening hypothermia.